“Evolution is a fact!” Carl Sagan stated emphatically on TV in his 1980 Cosmos series (now in reruns on The Science Channel). Following this lead, many evolutionists repeat this four-word phrase, often augmenting it like, Evolution is a fact, like gravity (see association). This motto has some interesting properties in its effects on scientific research. Anything that is a fact no longer needs to be proved. It no longer needs evidence. It can be taken as a given, a first principle from which other principles can be deduced, and a framework into which all empirical data can be fitted. Has Charles Darwin become the new Aristotle? Here are some recent examples of evolutionary reasoning in scientific journals and science news articles. Look for instances of deducing conclusions from the premise “evolution is a fact.” Also look for reasoning that, since evolution is a “fact,” it must be capable of accomplishing any kind of design work found among the world’s amazing living creatures.Octopus elbows: Noticing that octopuses have an uncanny ability to bend their boneless tentacles into shapes resembling vertebrate elbows, EurekAlert says this about how the ability evolved: “The presence of similar structural features and control strategies in articulated limbs (for example, jointed vertebrate arms) and flexible octopus arms suggests that these qualities have evolved convergently in octopuses and in vertebrates, and it also suggests that an articulated limb–controlled at the level of joints–is the optimal solution to the challenge of achieving precise point-to-point movements by a limb.” (Emphasis added in all quotes.) The authors of the original paper in Current Biology1 went further. “Despite the evolutionary gap and morphological differences, humans and octopuses evolved similar strategies when fetching food to the mouth,” Sumbre, Hochner et al. said. They even postulated that this ability arose at the dawn of animals, hundreds of millions of years ago:Because the hypothetical common ancestor of cephalopods and vertebrates dates back to the beginning of Cambrian era (about 540 million years ago), fetching appears to be a genuine and rare case of evolutionary functional convergence, where two independent attributes (morphology and neural control) coevolved to achieve a common goal. We therefore suggest that the combination of a kinematically constrained articulated limb and a movement control strategy with simpler, more stereotypical movements in intrinsic coordinates offers an optimal solution for achieving precise point-to-point movements.Commenting on this study in the same issue of Current Biology,2 Scott L. Hooper explored the idea that function can give rise to form, by evolution. Noting that “muscles predate the evolution of hard body parts,” Hooper personified evolution into a creative programmer: “flexibly creating different ‘skeletons’ of stiffened muscles against which other muscles can act may be the mother of all motor control strategies.” Live Science picked up on this line, also, stating that “The similarity of structural features and control strategies between jointed vertebrate arms and flexible octopus limbs suggests that these configurations evolved separately in octopuses and vertebrates, a result scientists call an example of convergent evolution.” In none of these papers or news articles did any of the authors attempt to connect function to form by a series of plausible evolutionary steps. Apparently, they didn’t have to – since evolution is already a fact.Bat digital computing: With their sonar-guided aerial acrobatics, bats are true wonders of the class Mammalia. The only mammals to fly under their own power, bats make up one fifth of all mammalian species, said Michael Balter in Science Now. But how did they get the ability to fly? Surprisingly, a paper in PNAS3 found a tale in the absence of evidence:The earliest fossil bats resemble their modern counterparts in possessing greatly elongated digits to support the wing membrane, which is an anatomical hallmark of powered flight. To quantitatively confirm these similarities, we performed a morphometric analysis of wing bones from fossil and modern bats. We found that the lengths of the third, fourth, and fifth digits (the primary supportive elements of the wing) have remained constant relative to body size over the last 50 million years. This absence of transitional forms in the fossil record led us to look elsewhere to understand bat wing evolution. Since (of course) evolution is already a fact, no fossil evidence is necessary. What they looked at were genes for finger development in bats and their presumed cousins, mice. They found that a common gene for bone growth is activated differently in bats, causing the digits to grow much more rapidly, but only in the forelimbs. “Together, our results suggest that an up-regulation of the Bmp pathway is one of the major factors in the developmental elongation of bat forelimb digits, and it is potentially a key mechanism in their evolutionary elongation as well.” In this “suggestion,” no attempt was made to integrate this into a comprehensive picture of how the membranes developed, how flight muscles developed, where the avionics software came from, and all the other parts that would have had to have emerged simultaneously for long fingers to become tools rather than impediments. Since evolution is a fact, this is not a problem; each attribute becomes a piece of the grand evolutionary picture, something that “suggests” or “sheds light” on a detail of what is already known to be true. Michael Balter shamelessly gave his write-up on this paper a Kipling-esque just-so-story title in Science Now: “How Bats Got Off the Ground.” Calling bats great examples of “Darwinian success,” Balter quoted other scientists who called this a “an excellent paper” that “helps us to understand how evolutionary transformations are achieved by tinkering with the development of individual structures–in this case, the digits.”The purpose-driven bird: Darwinists have often claimed that humans have evolved to the point where they can now take charge of their own evolution. But can birds do this? That’s a new line promoted by Katherine Unger on Science Now, a news service of the AAAS. “Species need not sit around waiting for natural selection to shape them,” she said. “According to a new study, a creature’s personality can also be an important evolutionary driving force–one that may give the species some control over its own destiny.” The study, described in PNAS, showed how some bluebirds can alter their habitats and foraging behaviors based on how aggressive some members get (see also EurekAlert summary). The odd thing is that no evolution occurred before or after the study; the bluebirds were still bluebirds. The key finding was merely a suggestion: “By selecting the environment in which they live, animals can actively affect the natural selection they experience.” Evolution by natural selection is, of course, the fact that (by implication) produced the bluebirds in the first place.Apparently, suggestions are good enough for science these days. It all follows naturally by deduction from first principles: evolution is a fact. Cornelius Hunter, writing for ID the Future, has found this reaction to be common in his experience debating evolutionists. “Evolution is a fact” is their knee-jerk reply, with the inevitable comparison to gravity (an association Hunter calls absurd). “As the old saying goes, it is not what a man doesn’t know that worries me,” he quipped, “but what he knows for sure.” He continued,“The ‘evolution is a fact’ claim is awkward for evolutionists. It makes the man behind the curtain all the more obvious and is empirically unsupportable. How should evolutionists respond when a savvy buyer starts kicking the tires and asks “Why is this a fact again?”….The dual mandates that (i) science must adhere to methodological naturalism and (ii) evolution is a fact, serve to diminish the importance of the empirical data. Monumental evidential problems become mere curiosities when the theory is beyond question.Hunter calls this an “unfortunate trend in science. Let’s reverse it and seriously engage the issues at hand.”1Sumbre, Hochner et al., “Octopuses Use a Human-like Strategy to Control Precise Point-to-Point Arm Movements,” Current Biology, Vol 16, 767-772, 18 April 2006.2Scott L. Hooper, “Dispatch: Motor Control: The Importance of Stiffness,” Current Biology, Vol 16, R283-R285, 18 April 2006.3Sears et al., “Development of bat flight: Morphologic and molecular evolution of bat wing digits,” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA, 10.1073/pnas.0509716103, published online before print April 17, 2006.We’re going to keep holding up this garbage to public view as we have for over five years now, to expose Darwinian research for what it is: institutionalized question begging, assuming what needs to be proved, making up tall tales in the absence of evidence, ascribing exquisite design to dumb processes of randomness, and murdering Baconian scientific rigor. Once the Darwin Party came to power, they dumbed down the high standards of research, substituted bravado for caution, and brought in the dark ages of speculative biology where facts and data don’t matter any more. The highest value now is keeping the story line begun by Pope Charlie going ad infinitum. The usurping Darwin Party elitists not only lounge around, engaging one another in “tantalizing speculations” (12/22/2003) in the institutions once devoted to induction and proof, but then have the gall to condemn anyone who calls them on the carpet for their shenanigans. Let this awareness promote a new day in science, where conclusions are rare, where “suggestions” are criticized, where evidence is king, and no principle based on human authority becomes a premise for deduction – i.e., like it used to be when men and women who loved nature and loved the truth (predominantly Christians and creationists – see online book) explored nature as seeking out the wisdom of God. Disallowing deduction and reinstating rigor might not cure the hard-core Darwinian materialists, but it would go a long way in clearing the fog away from the debate.(Visited 38 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0
“Giant prehistoric penguins? In Peru?” puzzled a reporter on Science Daily. “It sounds more like something out of Hollywood than science,” but a fossil penguin you could look eye to eye with has been found that far north. “We tend to think of penguins as being cold-adapted species,” said one of the discoverers,” but not all species live in cold waters. These fossils “seem to contradict some of what we think we know about the relationship between penguins and climate,” she said. This one was surprising not only for its locale and size (1.5m standing height). It comes from a stratum considered “tens of millions of years earlier than expected and during a period when the earth was much warmer than it is now.” See also National Geographic and EurekAlert.Summing up: (1) the fossils are tens of millions of years out of order. (2) One of the two species was larger than any penguin alive today – as tall as a human. (3) It had a larger beak: “Both new species had long narrow pointed beaks — now believed to be an ancestral beak shape for all penguins.” (3) It was found at an equatorial latitude, indicating a richer biodiversity in the past. (4) Everyone was surprised by these findings. Conclusion: another victory for evolutionism. Encore: (5)… “during a period when the earth was much warmer than it is now” (36 million years ago). Conclusion: we must take drastic measures because humans are responsible for global warming.(Visited 8 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0
24 May 2014Young South Africans, especially those born in 1994, when the country first attained democracy, are looking forward to contributing to a more prosperous South Africa.The “born-frees”, as they are known, voted for the first time in the country’s general elections a few weeks ago, and are looking forward to taking part in running of the country and contributing to the economy.Tshifhiwa Magadzhe, 20, from Limpopo province, was among the born-frees attending Jacob Zuma’s inauguration for a second term as President of South Africa at the Union Buildings in Pretoria on Saturday.The second-year information technology student at the Tshwane University of Technology told SAnews that she couldn’t wait to get her diploma and become part of the workforce.Asked what democracy means to her, she simply said it meant more opportunities for the previously disadvantaged and a better life for all. “I have voted so that people’s lives can be changed for the better and so that the country’s economy grows,” Magadzhe said.“Democracy also means equal opportunities for all,” she said, adding that the government needed to create more opportunities for young people to enable them to become part of the system.Twenty-year-old Steven Mason, a second-year administration student from North West province, echoed Magadzhe’s sentiments. “I am glad that our country offers plenty of opportunities for young people. As young people we are given opportunities to be part of the system,” he said.Other young people are looking forward to starting their own businesses and creating job opportunities for the unemployed youth.Jason Wilkins, a third-year business management student, told SAnews that he wass looking forward to starting his own business empire. “Government must take the interests of young people to heart,” he said.Source: SAnews.gov.za
MEDAL WINNERSWEIGHTLIFTING Women’s (48kg): 1. Augustina Nwaokolo (NGR) 175 kg; 2. Soniya Chanu (IND) 167 kg; 3. Sandhya Rani Devi Atom (IND) 165 kgMen’s (56kg): 1. Amirul Hamizan Ibrahim (MAS) 257kg; 2. Sukhen Dey (IND) 252kg; 3. Srinivasa Rao (IND) 248kgWINNERSSQUASHMen’s singles (Rd I): Siddharth Suchde (IND) bt Michael Hopkins (JER); Harinder Pal Sandhu (IND) bt Shopon Pervez (BAN); Saurav Ghosal (IND x11) bt Ian Rukunya (UGA)BADMINTONMixed team pool (Gr D): India bt KenyaTENNISMen’s singles (Rd I): Rohan Bopanna (IND) bt Robert Buyinza (UGA) Women’s singles (Rd I): Rushmi Chakravarthi (IND) bt Pinki Monthla (LES) Mixed doubles (Rd 1): Leander Paes/Sania Mirza (IND) bt Stacey Nykita Roheman/Alberton Richelieu (LCA)TABLE TENNISWomen’s team event: India bt Sri Lanka Men’s team event: India bt VanuatuLAWN BOWLSWomen’s pairs: India bt Cook IslandsARCHERYQualifiers: Women’s individual recurve: Deepika Kumari; Dola Banerjee Men’s individual recurve: Rahul Banerjee; Jayanta TalukdarLOSERSSQUASHMen’s singles: Ryan Cuskelly (AUS x14) bt Sandeep Jangra (IND)LAWN BOWLSMen’s triples: Australia bt India Women’s pairs: Australia bt India SWIMMING Men’s 4x100m freestyle relay final: India finish 6th Women’s 200m freestyle: Surabhi Tipre; Arti Bajarang Ghorpade Men’s 50m backstroke: Balakrishnan M Badrinath; Praveen Tokas Men’s 400m freestyle: Anandrao Mandar; P Gagan Women’s 200m individual medley: Pooja AlvaARCHERYMen’s 400m freestyle: Jignas Chittiboma; CR Srither; Ritul Chaterjee Women’S individual compound: Gagandeep Kaur; Jhano Hansdah; Bheigyabati ChanuTABLE TENNISWomen’s team event: India lose to New ZealandDRAWHOCKEYWomen’s (Gr A): India 1 Scotland 1
Following his team’s two-point victory against Miami Saturday afternoon, Louisville coach Rick Pitino expressed some concern for the way the Hurricanes handled a potentially-concussed player. In the first half of the contest, Cardinals’ senior forward Montrezl Harrell threw the basketball at the face of Miami center Tonye Jekiri. Harrell was given a Flagrant 1 after referees reviewed the play. The Louisville star said following the 55-53 victory the throw was not intentional, though Hurricanes’ coach Jim Larranaga disagreed. Jekeri, a starter for Miami, began the second half on the bench. Larranaga said after the game his player was suffering from severe headaches. Miami’s trainers originally believed the 7-foot big man had a concussion, before allowing him back into the game. Miami’s handling of Jekeri was troubling to Pitino. Here’s what the Louisville coach said during his post-game press conference, courtesy of the Courier-Journal:“Here’s the ironic thing: Coach Larranaga walked over to the officials, all the way over to the other side. I’ve never seen that. I wanted to know what (Larranaga said). The official says, ‘Well, he wanted to let me know that the big guy has a concussion on that play.’ I said, ‘What motive do you need to know that? He’s back in the game.’“So I called (Louisville football coach) Bobby Petrino — this is no joke — I said, ‘Get a hold of that Miami doctor because, in 15 minutes, a kid went from a concussion to playing and totally healthy.’ We’re sending a plane down to hire that doctor for football. We will never have a concussion ever again. He was back 3-4 minutes later. He walked all the way over there to tell him he had a concussion, then he was back in the game.”That’s a pretty direct calling out of Miami from Pitino. Concussions are obviously something that should be taken very seriously, but it’s impossible to know if the Hurricanes’ medical staff followed protocol or not. This likely won’t be the last we hear of this incident. [Courier-Journal]
The Ohio State football team sold only 7,500 tickets of the 12,750 it was allotted for the Gator Bowl on Jan. 2, in Jacksonville, Fla., but the Buckeyes weren’t the only Big Ten team that failed to sell its bowl-game ticket allotment. The Big Ten conference sent 10 football teams to the postseason in 2011-12 — more than any Football Bowl Subdivision conference in the country. However, the on-field achievements of the respective teams during the regular season weren’t necessarily backed by each schools’ supporters as only Purdue, Northwestern and Wisconsin sold out their ticket allotments for their respective bowls. Even OSU’s rival to the north was unable to sell out their ticket allotment to a Bowl Championship Series bowl. The Lantern contacted all 10 Big Ten athletic departments whose football teams participated in bowl games to compile ticket sale information, which each school provided. The Boilermakers sold 5,425 tickets after being given 5,000 for their appearance, and eventual victory, in the Little Caesars Bowl on Dec. 27., in Detroit, Mich. The Wildcats sold all 12,000 of the tickets it had to sell for its Dec. 31 appearance in the Meineke Car Care Bowl in Houston, Texas, and Wisconsin sold each of 24,848 tickets it was allotted for the Rose Bowl on Jan. 2., in Pasadena, Calif. Rich Scarcella, a sports writer for the Reading Eagle in Reading, Pa., and the longest-tenured Penn State football beat writer in the country, said he was surprised to hear about Northwestern’s turnout. “Wisconsin selling out — I think most teams going to the Rose Bowl are going to sell out. Purdue (fans) had a short drive to Detroit and they didn’t really have to sell that many tickets,” Scarcella said. “Northwestern’s the one that I can’t put my head around. I’m not sure what to make of that.” The Wildcats lost to Texas A&M, 33-22, at Reliant Stadium in Houston, Texas. Michigan claimed a 23-20 win against Virginia Tech on Jan. 3 at the Mercedes-Benz Superdome in New Orleans, La., but sold only 15,000 of the 17,500 tickets it had to offer its supporters for the Bowl Championship Series triumph. OSU football historian Jack Park told The Lantern that he was surprised the Wolverines did not exhaust their tickets for the game. “That’s very interesting,” Park said. “I would never have guessed that Michigan would not have sold their allotment.” Park said the lengthening of the college football bowl season could be to blame for the recent decline in ticket sales. “One thing that I think contributes to that a little bit … it used to be that games like (the Sugar Bowl) were always played on New Year’s Day. And the only exception would be … if New Year’s came on a Sunday and the game would be played on the Monday after, which was a holiday,” Park said. “So, people could go to those games. Students could go to those games and get back to campus for class.” The other seven Big Ten teams that competed in postseason play, including OSU, ran a deficit, combining to leave 28,350 tickets unsold. The Iowa Hawkeyes used “about 7,000” of the 11,000 tickets it was allotted for the Insight Bowl, which it played against Oklahoma in Tempe, Ariz., Iowa athletic ticket manager Pam Finke told The Lantern in an email. Illinois reported only 2,600 of the 8,000 tickets it was allocated for the Kraft Fight Hunger Bowl on Dec. 31 in San Francisco, Calif., were sold. Penn State sold 4,200 tickets for the TicketCity Bowl against Houston in Dallas, Texas, leaving 1,800 unsold. Bud Meredith, director of ticket operations at PSU, pointed to the economic conditions as a possible explanation for poor ticket sales across the conference. “I would link all of it to the economy,” Meredith said. “Even our traveling tour groups were down this year.” Michigan State and Nebraska both played on the Monday holiday after New Year’s, but that didn’t help them sell their full allotment of tickets. The Spartans, which lost the Big Ten Football Championship Game to Wisconsin, 42-39, and posted an 11-3 overall record in 2011-12, sold only 6,500 of 11,500 tickets they were allotted for the Outback Bowl in Tampa, Fla. The Cornhuskers sold only 8,100 of 12,500 tickets for the Capital One Bowl in Orlanda, Fla. “Those two teams especially, that surprised me,” Scarcella said of the Spartans’ and Cornhuskers’ unsold tickets. “Nebraska hasn’t played a bowl game in Florida in a number of years and Michigan State had such a good season that you would think that (their fans) would travel.” Scarcella said the strength of the Big Ten has no relationship to the seats left vacant at bowl games. He pointed to the poor economy and the number of bowl games as the reason for disinterest. “I don’t know if you can paint a brush over every number,” Scarcella said. “I think some of those numbers were probably expected. A lot of the numbers are down for most bowl games, not just in the Big Ten. The market is oversaturated, the economy is not great and unless people have a compelling reason to travel to a game between Christmas and New Year’s, they aren’t going to.” Park agreed. “There’s so many teams in the bowl games now,” he said. “And how many times do we see interim coaches coaching the games because the top coach has either been fired or has left for another job? Things have changed quite a bit. The Big Ten did not immediately respond to The Lantern‘s request for comment regarding member universities’ unsold bowl tickets.
Southgate was overwhelmed with excitement over his side’s opening World Cup win against Tunisia in Volgograd on Monday.The 2-1 victory plus another three points against Panama in Nizhny Novgorod on Sunday will book their place in the knockout stages.However, the England boss, Southgate was brought crashing back to earth quite when he tripped up while jogging and dislocated his shoulder.He admits he feels embarrassed and that the messages from back home have gone from herograms to mocking ones.He said as reported by Daily Star:Crouch: Liverpool could beat Man United to Jadon Sancho Andrew Smyth – September 14, 2019 Peter Crouch wouldn’t be surprised to see Jadon Sancho end up at Liverpool one day instead of his long-term pursuers Manchester United.“I just clipped a step, landed on my elbow and that popped my shoulder out. I tried to get up, but my arm was pointing in a different direction so I just pulled my cap down hoping no-one would see me!“Running is, as a manager, where you get time to think. That time on your own and I will have to find a replacement for that because I don’t think I’ll be on the running machine any time soon in the next couple of months.“Every time I phone home, it’s the usual thing once people know you’re alive the gloves are off and there is more stick flying around!”Southgate has refused to wear a sling and will settle for the damaged arm being strapped up when he’s on the touchline to face Panama.He added: “They’ve got it strapped up. I didn’t like the look of a sling in public. So they can strap it and keep it in place.”
Diving operations will begin on Wednesday to assess the condition of the barge and determine the remaining threat of pollution. Chadux continues to monitor the containment boom placed around the barge. ADEC and USCG responders are in Whittier to coordinate the response. The barge, operated by Alaganik LLC, is estimated to have 1,000 gallons of gasoline, 2,800 gallons ofdiesel, and some hydraulic and engine oil on board. The maximum capacity of the barge is up to 5,500 gallons. The Girdwood Fire Department responded with mutual aid late Sunday to assist Whittier Fire with an explosion and boat fire at the commercial dock. According to the U.S. Coast Guard, one person remains missing after the explosion and fire. The operator of the barge has contracted Alaska Chadux Corporation (Chadux) and Global Diving and Salvage for spill response and salvage operations, according to the ADEC. Facebook0TwitterEmailPrintFriendly分享Following an explosion and fire at the dock in Whittier on Sunday night, a nearby barge caught fire and then sunk at the end of the pier in 60‐80 feet of water. A bystander reported seeing a sheen in the water to the Alaska Department of Environmental Conservation on Monday morning at the end of the pier. The cause of the explosion is unknown at this time.
Crews mopped up, or removed all remaining heat, 200 feet in from the fire perimeter on this 59-acre fire. As of 10:00am, Friday morning, the Level 1 “Ready” evacuation notice was lifted for residents living along North Fork Road, north of the fire and in communities along the Diamond Ridge Road to the south. Facebook0TwitterEmailPrintFriendly分享The Alaska Division of Forestry (AK DOF), Kenai-Kodiak Area, announced that North Fork Fire was 100 percent contained as of Saturday evening. This will be the last update on the North Fork Fire unless significant changes occur.