Tag: 一杯茶北京论坛

Reporters Without Borders: Azerbaijan should release imprisoned journalists ahead of the European Games

first_imgNews AzerbaijanEurope – Central Asia June 8, 2021 Find out more RSF calls for a fully transparent investigation after mine kills two journalists in Azerbaijan June 4, 2021 Find out more Receive email alerts April 9, 2021 Find out more “We’ll hold Ilham Aliyev personally responsible if anything happens to this blogger in France” RSF says AzerbaijanEurope – Central Asia RSF_en Russian peacekeepers deny foreign reporters access to Nagorno-Karabakh Organisation Help by sharing this information to go further 13.05.2015 – Reporters Without Borders urges Azerbaijan to release all imprisoned journalists and bloggers immediately. 30 days before the beginning of the European Games RSF also calls on the European Olympic Committees to speak out against the repressions against media representatives in the host country of the sporting event.“It’s an unbearable nation that President Ilham Aliyev should be allowed to present himself as the host of a major sporting event while at the same time his regime incarcerates journalists for critical investigations and comments,” said RSF Germany’s executive director Christian Mihr. “The European Olympic Committees should not make themselves Aliyev’s accomplices, but should expressly condemn the repression of press freedom in the run-up to and during the Games. For decisions about the hosting of future sporting events of this importance, the human rights situation in the applicant countries has to be given much more weight.”Azerbaijan is presently holding at least eight journalists and bloggers in prison because of their work. Arrests, crackdowns and economic pressure have seriously disrupted the work of many independent or opposition media. Non-governmental organizations in support of media freedom have also been among the victims of the latest surge of repression that began last summer. Azerbaijani human rights defendants currently put the total number of prisoners of conscience in their country at 80.PRETRAIL DETENTION AND SENTENCES FOR WELL-KNOWN CRITICAL JOURNALISTS.Last week a court extended until September 19 the pre-trial detention of Rauf Mirkadirov who has already been detained for over a year. A foreign correspondent of the weekly paper Zerkalo – and a well-known critic of the governments of Azerbaijan as well as Turkey and Russia –, Mirkadirov was deported from Turkey in April 2004 and arrested at the airport on arrival in Azerbaijan. He is charged with treason and espionage for Armenia. The main “evidence” brought forward against him is a video that shows the journalist signing papers during his attendance of an international seminar in the capital of Georgia, Tbilisi.Azerbaijan’s most prominent investigative journalist Khadija Ismayilova has by now been in detention for over five months. She was originally accused of having driven a freelance journalist into an attempted suicide, even though the said journalist has since admitted being pressured by security authorities into make these allegations. In February, authorities added embezzlement, tax fraud and other criminal offences to the charges against Ismayilova.Ismayilova is best known for her investigations into the assets and businesses of highest government circles including the family of the president himself. She has been the target of harassment by state authorities and of anonymous threats for years, and notably of repeated smear campaigns including the posting of videos on the internet that allegedly showed her while having sex.In January, journalist Seymur Hazi was sentenced to five years in prison for aggravated hooliganism. He is a reporter for the opposition daily Azadlig and one of the presenters of “Azerbaycan Saati,” a TV programme critical of the government that is broadcast from abroad. His sentencing relates to an incident last August when he defended himself against a sudden physical assault by complete stranger.CRITICAL MEDIA IN DIRE STRAITS.Many of the few critical media outlets left in Azerbaijan have become victims of the surge of repression since last summer. The office of Radio Azadliq, the Azerbaijani service of the US broadcaster Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty, has remained closed since a police raid in late December. Independent newspaper Zerkalo had to cease its print issue because it could no longer cover its running expenses after due to the interference of state authorities into the classified ads market and into the distribution network. The main opposition newspaper Azadliq is at the brink of ruin. The paper had to temporary cease its print issue several times because the public distribution company withheld payments. Heavy fines and increasing limitations of the channels of distribution by the state have also added to the pressure on Azadliq. TV and radio broadcasters are already controlled by the state. PROSECUTION OF MEDIA NGOS, TIGHTENING OF MEDIA LAWS.The targets of state repression also include non-governmental organizations supporting media freedom. On August 5, the bank accounts of the Institute for Reporters’ Freedom and Safety (IRFS), the Azerbaijan section of US organization IREX and the Media Rights Institute (MRI) were frozen, as were the personal bank accounts of the directors of IRFS and MRI . IRFS director Emin Huseynov has held out in the Swiss Embassy in Baku since August 2014. After the offices of the organization were searched and he was prevented from leaving the country, Huseynov fears his imminent arrest should he leave the embassy.Past week the European Court of Human Rights awarded 15.000 euros of compensation to Huseynov for being arbitrarily arrested by Azerbaijani authorities in 2008 and abused in police custody. The judges also found that there had been no credible investigation of his complaint].At the beginning of February, two further restrictions of the media law took effect. A media outlet can now be shut down if it is found to receive financial support from abroad – which affects especially independent media that are often reliant on international support because of governmental control of ad markets. Additionally, media outlets can now also be shut down if they are convicted of defamation twice within a year. News Azerbaijan is ranked 160th out of 180 countries in the 2015 RSF’s World Press Freedom Index. May 15, 2015 – Updated on January 20, 2016 Reporters Without Borders: Azerbaijan should release imprisoned journalists ahead of the European Games News News Follow the news on Azerbaijanlast_img read more

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Spiracle structure in ticks (Ixodida: Anactinotrichida: Arachnida): resume, taxonomic and functional significance

first_imgSpiracle and tracheal structure in the extant Ixodida is revised and shown to comprise 29 distinct component characters, some of which are common to all Anactinotrichida, while others are unique to the Ixodida or one of its six component clades of ((Argasidae Nuttalliellidae) (Prostriata Metastriata)). Structural variation both between and within families is based upon combinations of minor differences in the component characters, only one of which, spiracular position, proved to be incongruent within the most parsimonious cluster- and tree-analysis solutions. Tracheal airflow in ticks is mediated via passive diffusion gradients. In the argasid spiracle, both aeropyles and ostium are functional, although the latter is only opened briefly during infrequent periods of activity. The ixodid ostium is sealed and all gas exchange takes place via an enlarged sieveplate which reduces transpiration via small aeropyles, an underlying dense array of pedicels and possibly hygroscopic sub-atrial glands. Changes in spiracular morphology from a more ‘ancestral’ argasid type to a more ‘derived’ ixodid type are correlated with changes in tick behaviour, particularly with increased activity associated with the change from nidicoly to host-seeking.last_img read more

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Trump sell-off shows fear governments can’t save markets

first_imgTopics : Even a coordinated response of fiscal and monetary initiatives appears not to impress traders, at least when it’s in a single country. The Bank of England cut interest rates by half a point on Wednesday, when the UK government also pledged a 30 billion pound ($39 billion) emergency boost to spending. The FTSE 100, which had started the session up as much as 2.2 percent, ended the day 1.6 percent lower.Read also: Indonesia set to delay import duties, corporate income tax payments to cope with virus effectsBritain’s continental neighbors have also made a show of a united fiscal-monetary front, at least when it comes to communication. Some 27 European Union leaders held a video conference to coordinate action with European Central Bank President Christine Lagarde earlier this week. But German Chancellor Angela Merkel’s Wednesday pledge to do “whatever is required” to limit the impact of the coronavirus on Europe’s biggest economy failed to prevent another drop in regional stocks.The echo of the “whatever it takes” pledge from the European Central Bank in 2012 – which helped put a floor under the euro crisis – hasn’t been matched by a large-scale fiscal package. Next up is the ECB meeting Thursday, where economists anticipate a rate cut along with other measures.One market where authorities are proving purposefully unhelpful is oil. With Saudi Arabia and Russia battling for market share, that’s provided a double whammy, alongside the hit due to sliding demand as global growth decelerates.West Texas Intermediate crude has tumbled by roughly half from the high in January.Read also: In Singapore’s neighbor Batam, malls empty, ferry trips reduced as virus fears lurkTrump’s actions might not have forestalled a bear market for US stocks, but in another market things have moved in a more favorable direction. The dollar, which Trump has long said was strong and hurting US competitiveness, is on the retreat – at least against the euro and yen. Losses for emerging-market currencies make the dollar index a more equivocal play.The asset that for the moment stands out as potentially less responsive to fear and panic is gold. The traditional haven asset climbed as the coronavirus spread around the world, but it’s come off of the high it reached Monday. Read also: In dramatic step, Trump restricts travel from Europe to US to fight coronavirus“The central bank ‘put’ has established a floor under risk assets for the past decade. This is the first time that markets are seriously questioning whether it will work again,” Jason Daw, a strategist at Societe Generale SA in Singapore, wrote in a note Thursday. “While fiscal policy is better medicine than monetary, neither are properly equipped to mitigate the coronavirus-induced growth shock.”Error-laden announcements added to Thursday’s tumult. Trump’s initial comments suggested restrictions both travel and trade from Europe, while subsequent clarifications emphasized it applied just to people. Even then, the news underscores how steps to slow the spread of the disease unavoidably also hammer businesses, and so corporate earnings and stock-market valuations.Trump spoke little more than an hour after his Australian counterpart, whose own announcements similarly failed to do the trick for equity investors. Prime Minister Scott Morrison formally announced nearly A$18 billion (US$11.6 billion) in stimulus. The S&P/ASX 200 Index, which had opened in the red, saw losses more than double at one point, to almost 8 percent.center_img For weeks, investors have been pleading for governments to shore up a global economy ravaged by the coronavirus. But after the biggest wave of stimulus announcements since the outbreak began, fear is mounting the efforts might not provide the salvation markets are looking for.Emergency measures in the U.K, Italy and Australia, along with a commitment from Germany’s Angela Merkel to do “whatever is necessary,” were met with fresh waves of selling in stocks, putting the MSCI All-Country World Index on the brink of a bear market. The gloom veered toward panic after President Donald Trump announced an underwhelming set of US support measures and restricted travel from Europe. S&P 500 futures tumbled as much as 4.9 percent and contracts on the Euro Stoxx 50 over 8 percent.While government stimulus helped bring an end to the global recession triggered by the financial crisis, investors are increasingly skeptical whether policy makers can forestall a virus-induced downturn. Fiscal and monetary measures may only help with the knock-on effects of the epidemic’s widespread shutdown of economic activity, leaving investors little option but to await the subsiding of the virus itself.last_img read more

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